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Yanditswe na NDAYISABYE   Adrien
October 04, 2017   saa  12:19:50

Ubufaransa ntibuzibagirwa ingorane bwahuye nazo muri Mandika ari yo Mali ya none

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Igihugu cya Mali cyari mu maboko y’igihugu cy’ubufaransa, gusa umugabo wamenyekanye nk’indwanyi nziza ku rugamba, aha byanafashe igihe kirekire agarukwa mu bitekerezo bya benshi bibaza uburyo umwirabura yitwaye mu rugamba rwo guhangana n’umuzungu. Samouri Toure mu gihe kitari gito mu kuba banyagwa igihugu yari yararazwe na ba sekuru. Ubwami bwamenyekanye nka Mandika icyatumaga badakomeza kuba agafu k'imvugwa rimwe, ni impamvu nyinshi, gusa imwe muri zo ni uko bakomezaga kugaragara mu bucuruzi n’abanyaburayi, ari naho babonaga ibyangombwa nkenerwa ku rugamba.

Samouri Toure, yavutse mu mwaka 1830 muri umwe mu muryango udakomeye cyane, gusa yagize ishyaka, dore ko mu bitekerezo bye habaga higanjemo gukora cyane mu rwego rwo gutuma aba umuntu wari kuzamarira akamaro agace yavukiyemo.

Iki gihe kandi ubwo yabyirukaga mu myemerere yari ishingiye kuri gakondo, ninayo myizerere yari imenyerewe muri iki kinyejana 19. 

Gusa nyuma uko iterambere rya muntu, ntiyasigaye inyuma yaje guhindura imyizerere, maze aba umuyoboke w’idini ya Isiramu abifashijwemo n’umgabo wari uzwi cyane muri iki gihugu Wassula.

Aha kandi uyu mugabo amaze kubona amasomo yagisirikare, ku bumenyi yaramaze gukura mu ngabo zari zizwi nka Jereboulay Army abifashijwemo na bamwe mu bacuruzi nibwo bashinze ubwami bwa Mandika, bumwe mubutarisukirwaga n’umwanzi. Hari mu mwaka wa 1857,1867.

Kimwe mu byakomaga mu nkokora ingabo ndetse n’igisirikare cy’ubufaransa, ni uko Samouri Toure yari umwe mu bari bazi gupanga neza igisirikare cye neza, kuba yarafashe umurwa mukuru akawukura ahitwa Bisandugu awushyira i Dakari hanabaye umurwa mukuru w’igihugu cya Senegal.

Ibi byatumye abasha kuba yamara igihe ahanganye n’ubutegetsi bwa gashakabuhake, dore ko ingabo ze zabonaga ibizitunga ku rugamba.

Aha kandi ni mu gihe kandi kuba yari umwe mubakoraga ubucuruzi bw’amabuye ya gaciro ndetse n’abacakara (zimwe mu mfungwa zabaga zarakoze ibyaha), byatumaga abasha kubona intwaro zigezweho mu gihe ahandi muri Afurika bari bagikomeye ku muheto n’imyambi.


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